Permitted and Forbidden acts during Ramadan
Fasting, a type of devotion in order to get closer to ALLAH, was ordered to purify the soul and train it in good deeds. Those who are fasting should avoid any act that may cancel the benefits of their fast so that their fast may increase their personal awareness of ALLAH and their piety.
Fasting is much more than just stopping eating and drinking, it also means avoiding everything that ALLAH the Almighty has forbidden.
The Messenger of ALLAH (P.B.U.H) said:
“Fasting is not only (one abstention) from eating and drinking, but it is also moving away from vain speech and vile language. If one of you is being cursed or bothered, you should say: “I am fasting, I am fasting” ».
Don’t miss to read this: We’ve answered some of the most asked questions about Ramadhan
- Pour water on yourself and submerge yourself in the water.
- Apply eye drops or anything else in the eyes.
- Rinse your mouth and nose, without swallowing any water.
- Try a liquid, food, or something else that you want to buy. However, nothing that is edible should be swallowed.
- Eat, drink or have sex during the night and until dawn.
- If one eats by forgetting, this day does not have to be compensated with another nor be amended.
- Carrying out gusl before dawn is not required, but it is advisable to remain pure before beginning to fast.
- If a woman’s menstrual or postpartum bleeding is over during the night, she can delay gusl until morning and even fast that same day. However, she must perform this gusl before the morning prayer.
- Anything that is not edible and enters the mouth unintentionally (that is, smoke, dust and the taste of the medicine put on the teeth) does not invalidate the fast.
Prohibited acts that require compensation
- Eat by mistake (other than forgetting) or coercion.
- Swallowing blood whose quantity is greater than the saliva with which it has been mixed and whose taste is perceptible.
- Swallow a considerable amount of tears or tears of sweat whose taste is perceived.
- Remove from the mouth any edible food left between the teeth, which is larger than a chickpea and then eat it.
- Barf. Any amount that returns to the stomach does not invalidate the fast. However, if one swallows it again intentionally, the fast breaks.
- Menstrual and postpartum bleeding, even if it starts just before sundown.
- Any injection, either to supply the lack of nutrients or for medical purposes. No matter – if the injection was intravenous or hypodermic, or if what was injected reaches the stomach.
- Any drink or medicine that passes through the throat or nose. However, water that enters the ears is allowed.
- Any fluid that enters the body through the rectum.
Don’t miss the chance: Ramadan Car Offers in Dubai [updated] 2018
Acts that invalidate the Fast and that require Compensation and Amendment (Atonement)
Eating, drinking during the day intentionally requires compensating for that day and an expiation. Atonement is defined today as fasting for 60 consecutive days; if one can not do this, one should feed a poor person for 60 days or 60 poor people during a day with a meal similar to what one would eat at home.
Rules to be followed by non-Muslims during Ramadan in the UAE
1. What is Ramadan?
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar (Hijra). It is the most sacred month for Muslims, since the holy Quran was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) during the holy month of Ramadhan. Muslims do not consume any food or liquid between the fajr and Maghrib prayers (sunrise and sunset), not even water.
2. Do all Muslims fast?
Only those who are healthy are fasting, which excludes children who have not reached puberty, the elderly, anyone who is sick or has to take medication, those who travel or women during menstruation. It is also recommended that pregnant women do not fast. Those who can not fast must “make up” the fast at a later date.
3. What else should be done during the month of Ramadan?
Ramadan is not just the fast of food, it is primarily a time of piety and a search for spiritual closeness to God. Some Muslims go to the mosques frequently during the holy month of Ramadhan and read the holy Quran.
The month of Ramadhan is one of the best time of the year – when Muslims should think less about material things, and should focus more on charity, patience and being grateful.
4. Is the month of Ramadan the same like other months?
No, it is believed that the Koran was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) during the last 10 days of Ramadan. Devout Muslims can spend the entire night reciting while intensifying religious practices. Be aware that workers may be more tired due to lack of sleep, in addition to feeling the effects of fasting.
5. Is it allowed to eat, drink or smoke in public during fasting hours?
No, during the fasting hours, it is expected that even non-Muslims will follow the fasting rules in public. You are allowed to eat, drink and smoke privately. During work, companies are required to provide a dining room out of sight of those who fast.
6. Can you eat, drink or smoke in the car?
Yes, but only if the interior of the car is not visible, however it is best to be discreet. If someone detects it, it is considered a crime.
7. How should you dress in the U.A.E during the month of Ramadan?
During the holy month dressing modestly is essential both, for men and women. Tight and transparnt clothing should be avoided throughout the territory during Ramadan.
8. How should you treat friends and co-workers who are fasting?
The first two weeks are usually the most difficult for fasters. Not drinking water, not eating and quitting can have a great effect on the fasting, so be respectful to them and try to understand them before the Iftar.
9. Are shopping centers and stores open during fasting hours?
Yes, however restaurants will be closed. After Iftar, almost all stores will be open. Shopping centers open throughout the day and until midnight or 1.00 am.
10. Is the work schedule reduced during Ramadan for all workers?
Yes. In both the public and private sectors, the two reduced daily hours apply to all employees, not just Muslims.
11. Can visitors, tourists or non-Muslim residents buy alcohol or go to clubs or bars during Ramadan?
Most of the most important nightclubs will be closed for Ramadan. However, some bars, pubs and salons will generally remain open – but will only serve alcohol after sunset. Live music or loud sound will also not be heard in bars and pubs.
12. Do all restaurants stop serving food during the day to residents and visitors, even if they are non-Muslim?
Some restaurants and cafes will normally open during the day until sunset, although most will have a closed area and remain unobtrusively open for non-fasters.
13. Where to make a quick lunch?
The supermarkets remain open throughout the day, you can also take the food or request the service at home. Some hotels have a restaurant available for non-fasting and room service remains available.
14. What are the rules about eating at work?
If employees work in an open or shared office, they can eat in a closed room. Otherwise, it is considered disrespectful to eat before your companions fasting.
15. Can people wear bikini on the beach during Ramadan?
The public beaches, beach parks and hotel pools will be open as usual, so that people can continue to wear swimsuits in these areas.
16. Can people listen to loud music in cars, in homes or in public?
Music can be heard, but not by others. Some Muslims prefer not to listen to music at all during Ramadan, so be aware.
17. Can people chew gum during the day?
This is not allowed because it is seen as eating.
18. In Islam, if a Muslim is traveling, he is exempt from fasting, so is it permissible to eat, drink or smoke at the airport?
Yes, this is allowed.
19. Is it okay to drink water in the gym while exercising?
Yes, but better when leaving the gym to go to the parking lot.
20. If children are exempt from fasting, can they eat in public?
Yes, this is allowed.
21. If non-Muslims have been invited to an Iftar dinner with Muslim friends, can they accept the invitation?
Yes you can accept the invitation, but it’s nice not to go empty-handed. You can bring Arab desserts or sweets or a box of dates.
22. If you encounter someone weak, what to do to help?
Give him food and water, it will be considered broken his fast, you can also notify an ambulance.
23. Can you feed pets or animals on the street in public during Ramadan?
Yes, Islam says Muslims should be kind to animals.
24. Can you shake hands with friends or partners of the opposite sex during Ramadan?
Yes, but do not be surprised if they refuse to shake hands, some Muslims become more reserved during the Holy Month.
25. Can non-Muslims drive when the sun goes down, while those who fast return home?
Yes, but the roads will be very busy for those who return home to break their fast, since they have not eaten or drunk anything for around 15 hours.
It would be convenient for non-Muslims to wait half an hour to give the fasters the opportunity to reach their homes. The Police urges you to drive with caution and avoid speeding, especially in the twilight of the day.
26. Can you kiss cheeks or hug your partner or friends of the opposite sex in public during Ramadan?
As at other times of the year, but especially during Ramadan, demonstrative acts of affection in public should be avoided. This can cause offense.
27. Can non-Muslim residents or tourists go to Ramadan shops in Iftar or Suhour?
Yes you can, but it’s best not to leave reservations for dinner until the last minute because restaurants across the country can be much busier as families get together to break the fast together.
28. Is there anything that should be avoided doing on social networks during Ramadan?
Non-Muslims should care on their social networks about their Muslim friends – who are fasting and must avoid publishing or sharing images, that might be considered inappropriate as well as using strong language.