- Independence Day Of Afghanistan
- 19th August – Afghanistan’s Independence Day
Independence Day Of Afghanistan
Independence Day is an annual observance and it is celebrated every year on the 19th of August. The Afghanistan Independence Day is a national holiday to celebrate the glorious past and national pride of the country. It’s a day when Afghans celebrate their emancipation. Traditionally, this festive celebration is marked by colorful firework displays, colorful lights on the trees, and inspirational political speeches accompanied by patriotic music and custom dance. It is also a time when Afghans display the national flag on their bikes, scooters and cars. On this day, some Afghans chooses to wear clothes that have the Afghan flag logo on them or choose to wear the flag’s theme colors, which are black, red and green. In addition, some prefer to wear a flag pin on their clothes or have a symbol of the flag painted on their faces.
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19th August – Afghanistan’s Independence Day
Afghanistan’s Independence Day is not a typical commemoration of freedom from a colonial power. Instead, this day is celebrated every year on August 19 to observe the Treaty of Rawalpindi which was signed in 1919 between Britain and Afghanistan. The treaty restored complete sovereignty to the country. Afghanistan will be celebrating its 98th Independence Day on 19th August 2017.
What is the significance of Independence Day in the history of Afghanistan?
Afghanistan was never formally a part of British Empire; however, given the British interest in the region, the two countries fought three Anglo-Afghan wars between 1839 and 1919. The British won the second Anglo-Afghan war, which was fought between 1878 and 1880. This victory gave the British the control over Afghanistan’s foreign policy as well as many internal territories.
After the third Anglo-Afghan war, the Treaty of Rawalpindi or Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919 was signed. The treaty reaffirmed Durand Line, the international boundary between Afghanistan and Pakistan. Originally, this border was established in 1893, between the representatives of British India and Afghanistan to demarcate their spheres of influence.
The reaffirmation of this border led British to abandon their claims on Afghanistan, and allowed the nation to declare its complete independence. Today, the country celebrates this day to recognize this historic event.
What is Special on Afghanistan Independence Day
Jeshyn-Afghan Day or the Independence Day is occasion to celebrate the glorious past and national pride of the country. The day is a national holiday, and is celebrated with great enthusiasm. The presidential address to the nation, the military parade, and a display of country’s national costumes are some of the activities that mark the celebrations of the Independence Day.
Why is it important to celebrate Independence Day?
People like to celebrate special days. The reason is because these days have great historical and culture importance to them. Celebrating Independence Day demonstrates extraordinary significance in our social and political life. However, in our current time, it appears that Afghans’ views are divided with regards to their thoughts and feelings towards Independence Day. One group consists of those who are impatiently waiting for Independence Day while the other group of people argue that Afghanistan is not an independent state since it’s still under occupation, or in other words, foreign troops are present in the country.
I know we haven’t progress significantly after the independent, However, I still believe that there is no reason for any afghan to not celebrate Independence Day, because the spirit of Independence Day is not only about the Afghanistan officially becoming a sovereign state, as there are another splendor involved which leave no reason for any Afghan to not want celebrate this special day.
This day carries with it a long history and celebrating it is all about acknowledging and owning that very history. When we celebrate our independence, we reflect on the oppression, the horror, and the aggression against which we struggled. They celebrate this day in order to remember our ancestors who died while fighting for independence; it evokes memories of men and women who never returned home. Simply, who exactly doesn’t want to remember that the defeat of British Imperialism was a pride victory for our country? And who would not want to thankful having an identity to be known in this world for some of the remarkable events of the world history? Of course all of us Afghans want to commemorate it.
Besides the above reasons, I think it is equally important to celebrate this day in memory of our progressive King Amanullah Khan who, following independence, had initiated constructive and comprehensive political, social and cultural reforms.
What does the flag of Afghanistan Represent?
The flag of Afghanistan, also known as the king’s flag, was adopted on January 4, 2004. The flag is similar to the one flown during the administration of the monarchy in 1930-1973. The only difference between the two versions is the addition of Shahadah at the top of the coat-of-arms in the center. Afghanistan’s flag is composed of three equal sized vertical bars black, red, and green. In the center of the flag is the white coat of arms which depicts a mosque with its mihrab facing Mecca. Two sheaves of wheat encircle the emblem. The upper portion of this emblem has the Shahadah, which means “There is no God, but Allah and Mohammad is His prophet, and Allah is Great.” In the lower part of the emblem the words Afghanistan and the year 1298 (solar calendar) are inscribed.
The red color of the flag represents the virtue of bravery and valor, and it also venerates the bloodshed and sacrifice to win freedom; green signifies hope, and prosperity; black symbolizes the era when the country was eclipsed by British control after the second Anglo-Afghan war.
Who wrote the national anthem of Afghanistan?
The current national anthem of Afghanistan was adopted in 2006 to signify the new era for Afghanistan, after ousting the Taliban. The new constitution had explicitly mentioned that the anthem should be written in Pashto, contain the phrase “Allahu Akbar” (God is Great), and mention the names of the different ethnic groups of Afghanistan.
The song is a wining entrant of a competition. It was composed by Abdul Bari Jahani, and was set to music by Babrak Wasa.
The Final Words:
It is important to remember that Afghans came together to fight for independence with a vision of unity and prosperity. The return of Independence Day reminds the citizens of Afghanistan that their ancestors fought in unity and gained the honor that comes with the creation of a united independent nation that holds a common meaning for every citizen.
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